Heritage Impact Assessment: Promoting Sustainable Urban Development
Affiliated with the Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Universitas Brawijaya
Mara de Groot
Archaeologist (by training) and Managing Director at the Centre for Global Heritage and Development
Director of KITLV (Royal Netherlands Institute for Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies) in Jakarta and director of the Office of Leiden University in Indonesia.
Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) is a method to predict both the positive and negative effects of a policy or infrastructural development for the heritage and provides advice on how to enhance the positive effects and to avoid, limit or compensate the adverse effects. An HIA not only examines whether any archaeological values would be affected, but takes all heritage values into account (archaeology, built, maritime, intangible heritage and cultural landscape). In many cases, HIA is particularly essential to the context of urban environment that presents some conflicts of interest between heritage conservation and developments. Mismanagement of heritage sites and the degradation of historical character in an urban landscape are typical problems. Ideally, an HIA would be part of the whole list of mandatory impact assessments for developments. An HIA can increase the knowledge about the local heritage and the opportunity to use the heritage as a source of inspiration.
In this session, the HIA methodology will be explained and linked to a case study in Indonesia: The historic city of Yogyakarta is a well-recognized Centre of Javanese culture and the urban form and architecture of this city are representations of traditional Javanese philosophy. The relationship between the transformation in urban form and cultural meaning, and how the current development process influences material culture and perceived meaning in Indonesian historic cities.