Panax ginseng is widely used as raw material in many pharmaceutical industries in Indonesia. However, to supply that massive consumption, they still rely on imports. PT. Kalbe Farma (through its subsidiary, PT. Bintang Toedjoe), University of Surabaya (Ubaya), and Hanbang-Bio Laboratory (holding company of Kyung Hee University) established the Kalbe Ubaya Hanbang-Bio Laboratory (KUH Lab), a collaboration initiated to achieve the independence of raw materials for food security. This laboratory is devoted to developing the plant tissue culture protocol for the mass production of P. ginseng root cultures. The initial stage of the mass production focused on optimizing the agricultural conditions such as inoculum weight, medium volume, medium formulation and incubation temperature. Based on the biomass yield and ginsenosides content, it was concluded that the optimum growth condition was 150 g of the initial inoculum grown in 13 L of media using formulation B and incubation at 21°C to 25 °C. In the long-term, despite of climate change, KUH Lab aims to produce P. ginseng on an industrial scale to sufficiently supply the demands for P. ginseng in the country. Furthermore, this laboratory also intends to make standardized Indonesian herbal materials by using plant tissue culture.
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