Decentralized Renewable Energy Systems in Indonesia – Technical, Economic and Societal Challenges And Opportunities
Director for Various New and Renewable Energy, Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.
Assistant professor at ESIM-NIKOS, the Dutch Institute for Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship.
Ensuring universal, affordable and sustainable energy access is one of the biggest societal challenges of our time. Indonesia has a relatively high electrification rate, however over five million people and 14000 villages still lack access to electricity, especially in remote areas and islands. Decentralized, bottom-up approaches, such as solar home systems and microgrids, have emerged as a response to shortcomings of the centralized grid approach, but affordability, scalability and long-term sustainability remain a challenge. Technology innovation can address many of these challenges, but the economic and societal dimension are essential for sustainable adoption at scale. Lack of appropriate business models has been a key bottleneck in scaling and field sustainability of microgrids. Leveraging on productive energy users (small business and industry) is a way forward to both ensuring microgrids sustainability and unleashing economic development opportunities.
This panel discussion aims to create a dialogue between the Indonesian and Dutch stakeholders (academia, industry, government, NGOs, etc.) and throw a spotlight on the technical, business and societal challenges and opportunities of the off-grid electrification scene in Indonesia:
- Indonesian off-grid and decentralized renewable energy scene: national electrification plan, status and experiences;
- Technical challenges and opportunities: DC/AC microgrids, supply and demand match, power quality.
- Energy enabled economic development opportunities (e-mobility, agriculture) and Water-Energy-Food nexus
The discussion builds on the ongoing research and education collaboration between the Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) and University of Twente (UT) through several projects (SCENT project, ERASMUS+KA107 for exchange of staff between the UT and ITB, a newly granted ANRGI project within the Cooperation Indonesia-The Netherlands Call 2019).